To those whose knowledge is developed, everything within and without oneself, within and without ones house, within and without ones village and town, is an object at the sight of which the insight of impermanence may spring up and develop.
– Ledi Sayadaw, “Meditation en Masse”
These days many assume that Buddhism and meditation go hand in hand—sometimes they are even considered to be one and the same. But even counting Theravadins, progenitors of the massively popular insight meditation (Vipassana) movement, relatively few Buddhists historically have ever understood meditation to be essential. On the contrary, instead of meditating, the majority of Theravadins and dedicated Buddhists of other traditions, including monks and nuns, have focused on cultivating moral behavior, preserving the Buddha’s teachings (dharma), and acquiring the good karma that comes from generous giving.